Violations of Politeness Maxims in Language of Agitation in Select Nollywood Eco-Films in English

Published: SEPTEMBER 2021


Rosecolette  Ngozi Ewurum &  Ebere Mercy Chukwu


About Author(s):

Department of General Studies. Alvan Ikoku Federal College of  Education,  Owerri.

Department of Languages & Communication. Abia State Polytechnic, Aba

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The language of agitation in select Nollywood eco-films in English is characterised by the violations of politeness principles. The oppression of the citizens in the oil regions of the Niger Delta has led to aggression and revolt by agitators over the negative and crippling situation with a form of language usage which can be identified as the language of altercation. This form of language usage is marked by the violations of politeness maxims, especially politeness as a real world goal. This study highlights the diverse types of politeness maxims violated in the two select Nollywood ecological films, which serve as the source of data for analysis. Fifty samples of interactions in the texts provide data for examining the variables identified. This study adopts the Leech (1983) and Thomas’ (1995) ‘Politeness Principles’ models of conversational analysis to account for the deliberate flouting of all co-operations by the interlocutors in the bid to have a frontal verbal attack. This study, therefore, notes that there is highly marked violations of politeness maxims without mitigating strategies in the language of agitation in select Nollywood eco-films in English because while the powerful interlocutors try to intimidate to mitigate power and protect face, the less powerful interlocutors – the agitators, revolt and dish out face-threatening acts gratuitously in order to indict and humiliate agents of resource control and environmental man-handling. The analysis illustrates the oppression–aggression-attack strategy as justification for language usage in ecological films in English.

Keywords: Agitation, Nollywood, Eco-films, Politeness, Principles.