VÉRONIQUE TADJO’S L’OMBRE D’IMANA AND BOUBACAR BORIS DIOP’S MURAMBI AS ARCHETYPAL TESTIMONIOS OF THE RWANDAN GENOCIDE

Published: MARCH 2021

Author(s): Osita Nicholas Osita

About Author(s):

Federal University Dutse, Nigeria.

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Abstract

Hate wars and inter-ethnic conflicts such as the Rwandan genocide is the interest of post-Rwandan genocide war narratives. Authentic accounts of the genocide were from writers who survived the ordeal within Rwandan and others who visited Rwanda at the end of the war for the purposes of documenting atrocious committed against victims. The end of the genocide marked a turning point in Francophone African literature and birth of post-Rwandan genocide narrative writings in form of testimonies, memoirs, diaries, and travelogues that portray personal and collective experiences of victims/survivors and genocidaires. Texts are factions characterised by unspeakable anguish, physical and psychological trauma. Véronique Tadjo’s L’ombre d’Imana (2000) and Boubacar Boris Diop’s Murambi (2001) come as two archetypical testimonios depicting individual and vicarious traumas suffered by victims. This study adopted testimony and trauma theories as frameworks in examining the creative works on basis of shared acts of violence directed on minority Tutsi populace and moderate Hutus. Texts conform in detailing grisly acts of violence perpetrated against defenseless victims.

 

Key words: Francophone African literature, testimomios, trauma literature, war narratives, Rwandan genocide.