THE USE OF SPECIAL COLLOCATION IN THE POEM KALUBALE

Published: MARCH 2021

Author(s): Salisu Garba

About Author(s):

Department of African Languages and Cultures

Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria.

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Abstract

Violations of the rules of grammar and the use of surprising metaphors do not only foreground a poem but interpreted the mind of the poet. Certainly, it is what attract and persuade the target audience of the artist. It is undoubtedly what makes poetry and its architects unique among the literary artists. This paper therefore, examines, the use of special collocations, as one of the patterns of this motivational deviations employed by Akilu Aliyu in the poem Kalubale (convergence) to describe the crucial nature of the criterion governing the acquisition of knowledge and the decisive effects of ignorance, in Hausa thought. The data was generated from the edited version of the poem as compiled in Fasaha Akiliya and edited by Muhammad (1978:4-7), while the literally translated version was generated from Muhammad (1977:312-318) and complemented by the author of the article. Conclusively, the paper was able to discover the use of two forms of metaphorical (personification) and five forms of grammatical foregrounding usage of collocations by the artist in the poem: Abstract nouns versus Verb, Abstract nouns versus Verbal dynamic nouns, Adjective versus Common nouns, Dynamic nouns versus Verbal dynamic nouns and Personal pronouns versus Verbs. Also uncovered by the paper is the effective and artistic usage of collocational range between the collocates that connote the constrains, the distance in the processes of the quest for knowledge, the hard and difficult situation of ignorance and the ignorant in Hausa society.

Key words: collocation, kalubale, special collocation, poetic license