THE RELEVANCE OF GRAMMAR TO TRANSLATION: ILLUSTRATION OF ENGLISH AND FRENCH LANGUAGES

PUBLISHED: June 2018

Author: CHINWE BLESSING WILSON-OJUKWU & CHISOMGA AMARACHUKWU EMEKA-EZE

Department of French, Alvan Ikoku federal College of Education, Owerri

Abstract

In the world today, there are several languages. Considerable evidence suggests that the capacity for language is a species-specific, biological innate trait of human beings. Every human language has its grammar. Anybody who speaks or writes acceptable sentences in a language knows its grammar. Grammar is said to operate between phonology and semantics. Grammar studies the way in which words/morphemes join to form meaningful sentences. Translation on the other hand comes from a Latin word “translates” which means “carried over”. Translation entails the transfer of information coded in one language to another language without compromising meaning. Although linguists recognize the fact that there is a Universal Grammar, it does not rule out the fact that every language has its own unique grammar. This study x rays the relevance of the knowledge of grammar to the Translation activity. The five fundamental units of grammatical structure are looked at and the need for every translator to be conversant with such knowledge is buttressed. French and English are our working languages.

Keywords: Translation, Grammar, French, English

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