Semantic Analysis of Selected Hausa Songs in Nigeria in the 21st Century

Published: September 2019

Author:  Hamza Mohammed

About Author: Department of English and Literary Studies. Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria-Nigeria

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Hausa songs do not only project its societal values but serve as instruments of bringing rapid development to the society including, serving as conflict resolution mechanisms in the West African sub-region. By and large, the musicians use their songs to encourage people to embrace development and tackle the enormous socio-economic challenges, facing the multi-ethnic society. Conversely, the musicians also use this form of art to frown at, chastise and reprimand those who try to hold the society back from developmental strides. To this end, the focus of this paper is to examine how selected Hausa songs demonstrate the meanings inherent in this form of genre by adopting Halliday and Mathiessen (1994 and 2014) Systemic Functional Linguistics (SFL) theory. The theory is anchored on the three metafunctions namely; the ideational, interpersonal and textual. The data for this study are sourced from the Hausa music industry through recording. They are transcribed into English for ease of understanding and analysis. The findings of this study among others reveal that, Hausa music has helped in solving multi-dimensional conflicts within the society. It has also been a source of help to the myriads of challenges in the society. 

Keywords:  Semantics, Systemic Functional Linguistics, Conflicts, Challenges, Songs, Genre, Society