Religious and Political Insecurity in Nigeria: Causes and Effects

Published: SEPTEMBER 2021


Sunday Onyema Iherue

About Author(s):

Department of Religious Studies, Faculty of Humanities

Imo State University, Owerri 

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This paper centres on the analysis of causes and effects of religious and political insecurity in Nigeria. Insecurity apart from being the fear of every Nigerian, has become a discussion topic where two or three Nigerians gather. Presence of several illegal armed groups, ethnic militia groups, religious fundamentalist and fanatics are evidence of insecurity in Nigeria.  These have given birth to series of bombings, murder, arson, armed robbery, corruption, injustice in almost every part of country.  It is clear that these happenings are negatively affecting Nigeria politically, economically and religiously. Religious organizations and other humanitarian agencies are losing confidence on the law enforcement agencies. On the economy, it has led to the destruction of businesses, properties and equipment; relocation and closing down of businesses. This paper adopts sociological and historical research methods. Arising from this research is the threat of political, economic, civil destabilization of Nigeria, if the trend of insecurity persists. Then paper found porous borders, proliferation of arms and ammunitions, illegal armed groups, oil bunkering, labour activists, kidnapping, militancy, fear and distrust on government, unemployment, religious fanaticism/extremism, wrong political ambition, electioneering, ethnic violence, desire to actualize ethnic  agenda,,  jobs racketeering as the causes of insecurity in Nigeria. The paper establishes that the following are the consequences of insecurity in Nigeria – the End SARS protests, terrorism, disruption of economic activities, decimation of consumer confidence, decrease in foreign direct investment (FDI), disproportionate defence spending vis-à-vis other economic sectors, the struggle for personal survival undermines innovation,increase in brain drain,  perverse incentives, decline in productivity, possible national isolation and deepening corruption at all levels. This research paper recommends stiffer penalty for perpetrators of violence, good governance such as accountability, transparency and popular participation in the political process, rule of law, protection of human rights and equality of access to all citizens.

Key Word: Religious, political, terrorism, equality and insecurity.