OVERT WRITTEN GRAMMATICAL ERRORS OF SOME UNDERGRADUATE STUDENTS AS A REFLECTION OF WRITING ON SOCIAL NETWORKS

Published: September, 2020

Author(s):

Mohammed Sada Bature

 

About Author(s):

Department of English and French, Umaru Musa Yar’adua University,

Katsina State

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Abstract

The paper aims at analyzing some overt written grammatical errors identified in examinations scripts of some undergraduate students of three universities in Katsina State and to compare the errors with those found in written communications on social networks. The data for the research were purposively obtained from examinations scripts of students from the three universities and two social networks: whatapp and Facebook. The data were analysed qualitatively by means of description. The study is underpinned by Herring’s (2004) Computer Mediated Discourse Analysis Framework and Transfer Theory of Contrastive Analysis. The common and prominent grammatical errors identified are omission of grammatical units or vital sentence elements, use wrong verb forms, disregarding rules of concord, writing ambiguous expressions, writing interrogative sentences inform of declarative sentence, combining personal pronouns with their antecedent in the same phrase and combining auxiliary verb express ability in the same phrase in both data obtained from examination scripts and data obtained from social networks. These identified errors revealed that all the grammatical problems found in the students’ examination scripts studied reflect the common grammatical errors found in written interactions on social network. This is not surprising because language is best learnt or acquired through interaction and these days social networks serve as a easy means of interaction. Furthermore, in the area covered by this study, social media interaction on social media is mostly in English.