LANGUAGE AND CULTURAL REFERENCES IN J.P. CLARK’S OZIDI AND THE RAFT

AUTHOR: LAYO OLALUWOYE

Department of English, Olabisi Onabanjo University, Ago-Iwoye

Email: olaluwoye.layo@oouagoiwoye.edu.ng

PUBLISHED: OCTOBER 2017

Abstract

African writers use linguistic devices to reflect indigenous cultures in their styles. Some of the previous studies on J.P. Clark’s Ozidi and The Raft only provided impressive theoretical analyses of language and cultural references. Little has been done to show how cultural references can be accounted for through language. Given the fact that writers usually reflect their cultural heritage in their writings, this study investigates the ways J.P. Clark uses language to reflect his cultural heritage in his plays, Ozidi and The Raft, drama texts that are rich in Izon myths and cultural attitudes.The present study adopts Halliday’s systemic functional grammar as the theoretical model on ‘lexico – grammar’. The analysis has revealed that African literature has domesticated English to express its indigenous cultures. Thus, African literary texts are not only bilingual, but also bicultural texts.

Keywords: Ozidi, The Raft, indigenous culture, African literature

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