DISRUPTION IN INTERGENERATIONAL LANGUAGE PROFICIENCY TRANSMISSION AS A COMMON ATTRIBUTE OF THE KATAF CLUSTER LANGUAGES  

Published: MARCH 2021

Author(s): Ibrahim Ahmed and Samaila Mohammed Mijinyawa

About Author(s):

Department of Nigerian Languages and Linguistics

Kaduna State University, Kaduna, Nigeria

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Abstract

This paper aims to establish that, all of Kataf cluster languages, a sub-group of Southern Kaduna languages, have as a common attribute disruption in intergenerational language proficiency transmission. Thus, Anghan, Bakulu, Fantsuan, Gworok, Ninkyop, Sholio, Takad, Tyacherak, and Tyap were found to have mostly persons of grandparental age + as the languages’ most proficient speakers. This is as adjudged by majority of respondents that represented the focused ethno-linguistic communities during the research process, i.e. 100% of Anghan, 75% of Bakulu, 80% of Fantsuan, 93.8% of Agworok, 90% of Ninkyop, 68% of Asholio, 65.9% of Attakad, 100% of Tyacherak, and 93.3% of Atyap. Jju was found to be slightly exceptional as it was found to have mostly persons of parental age as most proficient speakers, also as adjudged by majority i.e. 53.5% of Bajju community respondents. These findings, therefore, affirm that all of the Kataf cluster languages are endangered species, as far as language endangerment enterprise is concerned. Finally, the paper recommends that no affected speaker-communities should allow the disruption trend to continue so that the languages’ vulnerability to extinction could be reduced.