DE L’ILLUSION A LA DYSTOPIE: ÉTUDE SOCIO-THÉMATIQUE DE LA TRAQUE DE LA MUSARAIGNE DE FLORENT COUAO-ZOTTI

PUBLISHED: SEPTEMBER 2018

AUTHOR: Wosu, Kalu & Nnamdi, Jane. C.
Department of Foreign Languages and Literatures, Faculty of HumanitiesUniversity of Port Harcourt

Abstract
For most Europeans, the African paysage was only an exotic space which served as exutoire to
purge the Whiteman of pent-up feelings of disgust, nostalgia, and dejection experienced in his
homeland. This idealism of the White runs counter to reality in contemporary times. Florent
Couao- Zotti, the Beninese writer, presents African reality as it were for the White and the Black.
Times have changed, and the African society is not left out in the advances made by science and
technology. But such advances also have as corollary, teething societal problems in the form of
criminality, and de-humanisation. A society where violent gangs indulging in kidnappings and
robberies abound cannot be said to be ideal or utopian. The African novel also follows the
evolutionary trends of society and bears witness to its upheavals. Thus, Florent Couao- Zotti’s
novel, La traque de la musaraigne exposes the illusions of a central character (Stéphane) whose
experience in an African city is dystopic. We therefore undertake in this paper to show how
Stéphane lost his illusions. We conclude that the African society is no longer a comfort zone for
the dregs of the West who intend to find lasting peace in the African homeland, and claim some
kind of ascendancy over the Black.

Mots-clés : illusion, dystopie, Florent Couao-Zotti, La Traque de la musaraigne, rompol

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