Conjunctions in Ngwa

Published: January 2020

Author(s): Nneoma Fyne Ugorji

About Author(s): Clifford University. Department of Languages and Literary Studies Owerrinta, Abia State, Nigeria.

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Ngwa is a dialect of Igbo. The word ‘Ngwa’ also refers to the people and the geo – political area known as Ngwa land.  The Ngwa people are found in Abia State in the Federal republic of Nigeria. Of the seventeen Local Government Areas in Abia State, seven belong to the Ngwa people namely: Isiala Ngwa North, Isiala Ngwa South, Obingwa, Oisisioma, Aba North, Aba South and Ugwunagbo.  This paper examined conjunctions in Ngwa.  Data for the study were obtained from competent native speakers using the elicitation method of oral interview, where the native speakers were requested to repeat some English sentences into Ngwa. As a native speaker of Ngwa,  my intuition helped in the assessment of the data collected. The paper seeks: to identify the various types of conjunctions in Ngwa, to indicate that coordinate conjunctions conjoin constituents of equal status, while subordinate conjunctions embed a dependent constituent into a matrix and to show that conjunctions do not occur at sentence final position in Ngwa. The framework employed for the presentation and analysis of data, is the x-bar theory. The x-bar framework provides the required base for the presentation of conjoined or subordinated constituents. The findings of this work on conjunctions in Ngwa are: that conjunctions are used in the unification of constituents for the expression of a single proposition, that the type of conjunction involved in a construction indicates the type of structural relationship of the conjoined constituents, that conjunctions are used in the expansion of constructions in Ngwa and that zeugmatic constructions are as a result of the coordination of constructs of unidentical class.

Keywords: conjunction, coordination, Ngwa, subordination and x-bar theory.