An intricate analysis of translation techniques in the English translation of Oyono’s Le vieux nègre et la médaille

Published: January 2020

Author(s): Keji, Felix Faniran

About Author(s): Osun State University, Osogbo. College of Humanities & Culture, Ikire Campus, Department of French

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This study attempts to identify and analyse the translation techniques employed in the English translation of Oyono’s Le Vieux Nègre et la Médaille, the prose text is translated into English by John Reed as The old man and the Medal in 1967. It is quite apparent that some translators do not fret about translation techniques in the course of translating but this affects their translation as the works may at times, not producing the same popularity as the original text.  The study equally establishes the fact that John Reed postulates the messages of Oyono in his translation and brings about a reasonable level of intelligibility which is target-audience oriented despite the embellished folkloric elements in the source text. The research method adopted in this study is comparative and textual which otherwise attempts to establish the conceptual link between the source text and the target text. This study adopts dynamic equivalence theory of translation which suggests that a dynamic equivalence is to produce in the receptor language, the closest natural equivalence of the source language message in terms of meaning and style. The study therefore, concludes that no translation is perfect but the use and application of appropriate translation techniques and strategies can bring about good translation.

Key words: Dynamic equivalence theory, forms, language, meaning, translation