Aesthetic and Mythological Philosophies in Yoruba Folktales: A Therapy for Drug Abuse

Published: September 2019

Author:  Rabiu Olayinka Iyanda

About Author: Department of French, College of Humanities and Culture, Ikire.  Osun State University, Osogbo

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Abstract  

Folktales remain a product of happenings in time immemorial. It provides the literary tales in which the people’s creative imaginative is best and most artistically expressed. It teaches morals and serves as a means of sustaining and preserving cultural ethos. It also serves as a means of entertainment in the pre technological era. This paper researches into a particular Yoruba folktale, Tortoise and Herbalist ‘ìjàpá and Babalawo’.  ‘Explication de text’ literary approach and Sigmund Freud psychoanalytical theory are used to examine the artistic values of the tale. The paper examines and reveals the ways tales are narrated, the composition and rendition. Linguistic and para-linguistic features are employed by the narrator to retain the audience’s attention during the course of narration. Clapping, dancing, interjection, and singing by the audience constitutes aesthetic in the chronicle.  At the tail end of the tale, the morals embedded, is revealed. The paper concludes by reappraising values of fables in societies. It analyzes the consequences of drug abuse on the drug baron. It frowns and condemns drug abuse in a very interesting manner. If this method could be judiciously used to forestall the abuse of drug among youthsin the contemporary generations, the crime rate will also be drastically reduced.

Keywords: fable, drug abuse, narrator, audience, culture.