A CONTRASTIVE ANALYSIS OF THE MORPHOLOGICAL STRUCTURE OF NIGERIAN PIDGIN ENGLISH AND NIGERIAN ENGLISH

Published: MARCH 2021

Author(s): Okwum Victor Chimaobi

About Author(s):

Department of Language and Linguistics

Spiritan University Umunneochi

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Abstract

This paper dwells on the Contrastive Analysis of the Morphological Structure of Nigerian Pidgin English (NPE) and Nigerian English.  Lado’s theory of Contrastive Analysis Hypothesis will be adopted in this study. The paper sets out to identify the morphological structures of both languages. A contrastive analysis of both varieties of English shows that some words are modified in a number of ways including blending, borrowing, clipping, extension, reduplication etc. It is also observed that Nigerian Pidgin English has no standard orthography or unified codification, no expanded vocabulary, no definite syntactic structure, it has a limited display of inflection in its morphological structure. Nigerian Pidgin English displays a little or no affixation in terms of inflection, it has no defined spelling pattern and cannot be used in a formal setting like education, government or workplaces. While Nigerian English on the other hand has been re-domesticated to accommodate the culture and tradition of the people, and as such, has acquired local colour and distinguished itself from the native speaker variety with unique linguistic structures, which are reflected at the morphological, phonological, syntactic and semantic levels.

Keywords: Contrastive Analysis, Nigerian Pidgin English (NPE), Nigerian English, morphological structures