Promouvoir la sécurité régionale en Afrique Sub-saharienne par le Français à travers le recours à une approche interculturelle

Promouvoir la sécurité régionale en Afrique Sub-saharienne par le Français à travers le recours à une approche interculturelle

Bien que les menaces à la sécurité soient largement répandues dans le monde, l'Afrique subsaharienne est la plus touchée. Ces menaces sont responsables de nombreux décès prématurés dans les pays d'Afrique subsaharienne. L’analphabétisme et le manque d’éducation adéquate sont reconnus comme les causes fondamentales de ces menaces. Ceci est basé sur le fait que les comportements humains sont façonnés par son environnement. Selon la théorie de la socialisation, l'expression culturelle la plus fondamentale se trouve au niveau individuel, mais cette expression ne peut se produire qu'après la socialisation d'un individu par ses parents, sa famille, sa famille élargie et ses réseaux sociaux étendus. Étant donné que la langue et la culture sont étroitement liées, la salle de français nigérian est identifiée comme un très bon lieu  pour éduquer,  sensibiliser, conscientiser les citoyens et les impliquer dans les discussions sur les événements dans la société. On pense  que ces objectifs seraient réalisés à travers l’approche culturelle. Cette communication est une revue du rôle  de la dimension culturelle et comment l’intégrer dans  l’apprentissage de la langue française pour la promotion de la sécurité locale et régionale.

Post-colonialism and Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie’s Half of a Yellow Sun

Post-colonialism and Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie’s Half of a Yellow Sun

Published: January 2020 Author(s): Yakubu, Patience Vintse & Azan, Baba James About Author(s): Department Of English. Faculty of Arts. Nasarawa State...

A Deictic Analysis of Selected Speeches of Yemi Obasanjo

A Deictic Analysis of Selected Speeches of Yemi Obasanjo

This paper seeks to analyze the deictics used in political discourse using the framework of Discourse space theory. The data for the study were drawn from five different speeches delivered by Yemi Osinbajo, this study explore the types of deictics and the frequency at which each of the types are used in the five speeches. To achieve our aim, qualitative and quantitative analyzes were used. The data were presented in different tables showing the types of decitics, frequency and total. It was revealed that Osinbajo used different types of deixis including the discourse, spatial, temporal, personal and social deixis. Be that as it may, the frequency of using each type differed from one speech to another. It was noticed that audience influenced Osinbjo’s use of deixis. Space elements in each of the speeches are easily to identify people, entities, markets, groups and events were distinctly located on different locations on the spatial, temporal and modality axes of the Discourse Space Theory. Keywords: Deixis, speeches, discourses analysis

Beyond Victimhood: The Other Side of Coloniality in Selected Works of Agnant, Emecheta, Lopès and Munonye

Beyond Victimhood: The Other Side of Coloniality in Selected Works of Agnant, Emecheta, Lopès and Munonye

The victimhood culture is capable of destroying the way victims reason or their general perception of issues and happenings around them if a conscious effort is not made to stemthe self-pity syndrome. Oftentimes, it may lead to the taking of one’s own life, depending on the gravity of the abuse or the weight of other causes of victimization. Theessay examines beyond victimhood: and the other side of coloniality in selected works of Agnant, Emecheta, Lopès and Munonye. Drawing from Denis Ekpo’s Post-African theory, as the theoretical interpretation, which states that Africa may go back to the drawing board and see where things got out of hand and redefine her stance on critical issues affecting the African state. We, therefore, examined how the fictional characters of the novels in analysis are able to study and understand the root causes of their harrowing experiences and how they are able to overcome them as a referral point to Africa and her colonial story. Hence, after a comparative study, the paper suggests that if victimized characters/persons/African nations could move beyond the victim culture by doing a critical study of the foundation leading to their victimization and learning from it to rewrite their story, we the audience or Africa as a race should also learn how to rewrite its history through its victimization and experience.. Key Words: Coloniality, Experiences, Victimization, Post-Africanism.

L’hégémonie d’anglais sur la langue yorouba : Une étude analytique de la  politique  linguistique nigériane

L’hégémonie d’anglais sur la langue yorouba : Une étude analytique de la politique linguistique nigériane

Résumé La politique linguistique du Nigeria pose des problèmes surtout pour le statut des langues nigérianes. Ceci c’est parce que le statut des langues du pays en l’occurrence le yorouba n’est pas encore valorisé. Le facteur de la politique linguistique du Nigeria est un problème dans la vie socio-politique. Le point de vue lePetit Larousse qui affirme que la politique linguistique est l’ensemble des choix conscients effectués dans le domaine des rapports entre des langues semble être mal connu au Nigeria car les langues dites nationales ne sont pas accordées une attention nécessaire. Pour ce qui est de notre étude, nous nous concentrons sur le yoruba, une langue régionale venant du sud-ouest du pays. L’objectif principal est d’examiner la place du yorouba et de l’anglais comme des langues régionale et officielle dans la société yorouba. Le problème de l’étude, la langue yorouba un peu marginalisée à cause de l’anglais, la langue officielle du pays est l’objet de notre analyse dans cette communication. Les résultats révèlent que la langue anglaise influence la communauté yorouba à cause de l’utilisation et la globalisation d’anglais. Mots clés : l’hégémonie d’anglais, la langue yorouba, une étude analytique, et politique linguistique nigériane.

Analysis of Syntactic Errors in Essays of HND1 Students of Federal Polytechnic, Mubi,Adamawa State

Analysis of Syntactic Errors in Essays of HND1 Students of Federal Polytechnic, Mubi,Adamawa State

This paper investigates syntactic errors in essays of HND1 students of Federal Polytechnic, Nasarawa. The aim is to find out the nature and causes of these errors of writing, which include spelling, punctuation, agreement and wrong tense usage that occur in the essays. The data were collected from the students’ essays of HND1 students of Federal Polytechnic, Mubi. There are a total of one hundred and fifty (150) essays out of the researcher drew error samples that agree with the aim of this paper. The findings revealed that syntactic errors were mostly due to the incomplete mastery of English language which is the language of instruction in Nigeria; that the background of some of the students correlates with the quantity and nature of errors; that some of these errors were caused by interference from the first language of the students; that some of these forms were regarded as aspects of Nigerian English; that some are caused as a result of gross negligence on the part of some of the students. As a result of this fall-out, students’ performance is negatively affected. Finally, teaching spelling and calligraphy well in, especially, the early formal education, encouragement of the use of the dictionary, and proper teaching, learning of grammar and consciousness of personal integrity is recommended for the reduction of these errors. Keywords: syntactic errors, interference, spelling, calligraphy

African Women in Search of Global Identity: An Exploration of Afropolitanism in Chimamanda Adichie’s Works

African Women in Search of Global Identity: An Exploration of Afropolitanism in Chimamanda Adichie’s Works

Many variants of feminism have been branded over time and that has given feminism a multiple identity.One of the new revelations of feminism in recent times is Afropolitanism, a branch of African feminismthat deals with the story of African women in the West trying to assume the status of world citizens to de-emphasize their origins. What is the nature of Afropolitanism? What is the link between Feminism andAfropolitanism? To what extent do Adichie‘s characters show the attributes of Afropolitans? This paperilluminates the concepts of feminism and Afropolitanism and the latter‘s traits in Adichie‘s characters inAmericana and The Thing Around Your Neck. It deals with Diaspora issues and the way African women inliterary fictions try to stem the effects of global maladies like African patriarchy, Western racism andsexism. The paper further discusses social awareness and feminist tendencies displayed by the characters. Itends by noting that feminism which assumes the dimension of Afropolitanism in Adichie‘s works is abecoming trend rather than a fixed norm.Keywords: Afropolitanism, African women, Chimamanda Adichie

The English /larawaya/ and the L2 Situation: Implications on National Development

The English /larawaya/ and the L2 Situation: Implications on National Development

Communication which uses various levels of language is a spice of life and necessary in national development. These levels of language include phonology, morphology, syntax and semantics. Phonology deals with the sounds of English language (vowels and consonants). The English consonant sounds; the /l,r,w,j/ to be precise poses problems to our L2 users of English. This work uses some simple familiar words as primary source of data and some linguistic definitions as secondary source of data. The study is anchored by optimality theory as the framework. The study analyzed the articulation of the words chosen and tried to look into how sounds choose their neighbours during speech production. The population of the study is 200 students out of which 50 students were chosen as sample size. This was done by random sampling. The data was collected through practical test in the English laboratory. It was observed that (a) students do not produce the /l,r,w,j/ well when they appear in context, (b) some of the sounds under study have the characteristics of disappearing in some contexts and this pose problems in communication resulting to unintelligibility which is an enemy to national development. The study suggested among others that our students who are going into the field should be well taught by well-informed lecturers in this area of study. Appropriate teaching material should also be used. Keywords: Epenthesis, Optimality, Articulation, Communication, National development